At a high level, Core Lua types can be divided into two groups: data structures and Objects. Data structures are owned by Lua, while Objects are owned by the engine and could be destroyed while still referenced by Lua. Any such object will inherit from this type. These include CoreObject, Player and Projectile.
|Property Name||Return Type||Description||Tags|
||Table in which users can store any data they want on the server.||Read-Write, Server-Only|
||Table in which users can store any data they want on the client.||Read-Write, Client-Only|
|Class Function Name||Return Type||Description||Tags|
||Returns true if object is still a valid Object, or false if it has been destroyed. Also returns false if passed a nil value or something that's not an Object, such as a Vector3 or a string.||None|
The example below shows the importance of using
Object.IsValid() instead of a simple nil check (i.e.
if object then). An object can be in a situation where it's invalid, but not yet nil. This can happen if a script is retaining a reference to it or it began the destroy process but hasn't completed it yet.
In this example, the script has a cube child that it finds with the
GetChildren() call. It then prints information about the cube as it progresses through the steps of being destroyed and its variable reference cleared.
local CUBE = script:GetChildren() function PrintCubeInfo() print(".:.:. Information about CUBE object .:.:.") if CUBE then print("CUBE is NOT nil") else print("CUBE is nil") end if Object.IsValid(CUBE) then print("CUBE is valid") else print("CUBE is NOT valid") end local childrenCount = #script:GetChildren() print("Number of children of this script: " .. tostring(childrenCount)) print("") end PrintCubeInfo() -- The cube is destroyed, but we still have a variable pointing to it. CUBE:Destroy() PrintCubeInfo() -- Variable reference is cleared, releasing the cube. CUBE = nil PrintCubeInfo()
In this example, multiple copies of the same script are placed into the scene. At startup, they search for each other and build a follow chain. The last script that can't find another script to follow is set to follow the local player. As the player moves around the chain of objects follows along in a smooth motion. The
clientUserData property is leveraged in building the chain of object references.
For this to work all scripts should be in a client context. In order to visualize the effect, objects (e.g. a Cubes) can be added as children of the scripts.
As the name implies,
clientUserData is a non-dynamic property on the client only.
local allScripts = World.FindObjectsByName(script.name) for _, otherScript in ipairs(allScripts) do if otherScript ~= script and otherScript.clientUserData.target == nil then script.clientUserData.target = otherScript break end end if script.clientUserData.target == nil then script.clientUserData.target = Game.GetLocalPlayer() end local velocity = Vector3.ZERO local DRAG = 0.96 local ACCELERATION = 0.5 function Tick() if not script.clientUserData.target then return end local myPos = script:GetWorldPosition() myPos = myPos + velocity velocity = velocity * DRAG local targetPos = script.clientUserData.target:GetWorldPosition() local direction = (targetPos - myPos):GetNormalized() velocity = velocity + direction * ACCELERATION script:SetWorldPosition(myPos) end
In this example we are trying to figure out which player was the first to join the game and promote them with some gameplay advantage. That's easy for the first player joining, but because players can join and leave at any moment, the first player to join might leave, at which point we need to promote the next (oldest) player. To accomplish this, we keep count of how many players have joined and save that number onto each player's
serverUserData--a kind of waiting list.
As the name implies,
serverUserData is a non-dynamic property on the server only.
local primaryPlayer = nil local joinCounter = 0 function OnPlayerJoined(player) joinCounter = joinCounter + 1 -- Save the waiting number onto the player itself player.serverUserData.joinNumber = joinCounter end function PromotePlayer(player) -- TODO: Give some gameplay advantage or leadership ability print("PROMOTING: " .. player.name) end function Tick() if (not Object.IsValid(primaryPlayer)) then -- Find the oldest player local oldestPlayer = nil local oldestJoinNumber = 999999 local allConnectedPlayers = Game.GetPlayers() for _, player in ipairs(allConnectedPlayers) do local joinNumber = player.serverUserData.joinNumber if joinNumber < oldestJoinNumber then oldestJoinNumber = joinNumber oldestPlayer = player end end -- If we found a player, promote them if oldestPlayer then primaryPlayer = oldestPlayer PromotePlayer(oldestPlayer) end end end Game.playerJoinedEvent:Connect(OnPlayerJoined)